The SAFE project involves both quantitative and qualitative research. Qualitative research will offer rich data to inform all phases of program implementation and analysis of outcomes. An experimental design will allow comparison of changes attributable to the program. The project will measure young people’s vulnerability, social capital, and specific reproductive health knowledge, skills, and preventive behaviors.
The SAFE study uses a multi-site cluster randomized trial (MSCRT) design, to test two strategies across three arms by arranging them in similar groups before randomizing clusters at the three study sites – Mohakhali, Mohammadpur and Jatrabari in Dhaka City.
- Arm 1 employs a comprehensive strategy including community awareness raising and campaign activities, group sessions with male and female participants living in the slums, and provision of health and legal aid services from the adjacent one-stop service centers.
- Arm 2 is similar to the Arm 1 except that it excludes the male group sessions.
- Arm 3 is the comparison group where members are exposed to the One Stop Service Centers and campaign activities but not tothe interventions from Arm 1 and Arm 2.
The project will assess if knowledge, attitudes, practices, and preferences change regarding gender roles, norms and violence against women and girls as a result of the intervention compared to control. The baseline survey was conducted before we started to provide interventions in these slum areas. The endline survey will include additional questions on program participation and assessment of the program by the participants. Otherwise the surveys will be conducted in the same manner in the baseline and the endline to ensure comparability.
The endline survey will be repeated once the intervention has been implemented for two years. The endline survey will include additional questions on program delivery and uptake and assessment of the program from the perspective of the respondents.
Qualitative data will be collected for the scoping study and for evaluation of the intervention. Qualitative data will inform the design and questionnaire wording for the quantitative study, to interpret quantitative results and otherwise address issues that large scale surveys usually elude. KIIs and FGDs will primarily focus on perceptions and attitudes of men and women towards gender roles and norms, gender relationships, rights, and violence against girls and women; practices in terms of violence and implementation of girls’ and women’s rights to freedom from violence. In-depth interviews will be conducted to document the nature and scope of everyday violence against girls and women and their awareness of their rights, related legal remedies and access to the enforcement of such rights in practice.
To evaluate the intervention, the qualitative study will attempt to identify differences between intervetion and control areas. Thus, the data collection strategy will be similar to the baseline qualitative study, but the sample size for FGDs and IDIs will be double in the endline. By the time the endline survey is conducted, the research team will be familiar with the study sites and well informed based on the baseline and the monitoring data. At this stage, KIIs may not be required, and could be omitted from this phase of data collection. Also, while similar kinds of data maybe collected in the baseline and endline, in the control area data collection in the intervention area will encompass more themes for exploring how the intervention is perceived; the experiences with the intervention; the perceived impact of the intervention and the suggestions for improving such an intervention